Maus is one of the world’s most famous of graphic novels and is at least partly responsible for the current popularity of the genre. Winner of the prestigious Pulitzer prize for literature, it’s the harrowing true story of a Jewish holocaust survivor, retold to his son decades later.
The story has two main threads. The first is the true story of Holocaust survivor Vladek Spiegelman’s experiences as a young Jewish man during the horrors leading up to and including his confinement in Auschwitz. The second intertwining story is about Vladek as an old man, recounting his history to his son Art, the author of the book, and the complicated relationship between the two of them. It’s a difficult process for both father and son, as Vladek tries to make sense of his twilight years, indelibly marked by his experiences and a slave to the processes he had to resort to in order to make it through. On this level, it’s also about Art, as he comes to terms with what his father went through, while still finding the more irritating aspects of his father’s personality difficult to live with.
Maus uses anthropomorphic characters, using different species of animal to represent the different characters’ race or nationality: Jews are mice, Germans are cats, Americans are dogs and the Polish are pigs. This doesn’t always quite work, though Spiegleman is acutely aware of this as he struggles with whether or not to make his French wife, converted to Judaism before they got married, into a mouse or some other species.
It’s a sad tale, as although Vladek survives the Holocaust, the shadow of the great swathe of humanity that was butchered by the Nazi killing factories hangs over the entire book. It’s also haunted by the ghosts of Vladek’s first wife Anja and their son Richieu; the former surviving Auschwitz but eventually committing suicide, the latter not making it out of Poland.
This book, originally a two volume work, is now available in an excellent complete edition, which binds both chilling volumes into one and is an excellent way for readers to get consume of this classic work of graphic literature. Maus is a truly unique experience, unrepeatable in any other medium, and certain to go down in history as an extraordinary piece of work.